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Even in severely damaged feed, the concentration of toxins can be found to be very low, mouldy feed and spores in it are not a sign of the presence of mycotoxins in them, and, therefore, of the toxicity of the feed. Diseases caused by mycotoxins are difficult to diagnose without specialised toxicology screens.
BaltuVet animal nutrition specialist Anita Leitāne-Osīte
Initial stages of mycotoxicosis can have no specific symptoms. Its effect is generalised, resulting in:
- lower productivity;
- worse performance indicators;
- the animal refusing to eat (reduced dry matter intake);
- general health condition deteriorating as a result of a suppressed immune system;
- residual toxins are transferred into the animal products (milk/meat);
- the animal dies as a result of severe damage to internal organs.
Diseases are typically caused by multiple mycotoxins complementing each other, because of which the symptoms are more difficult to interpret.
The most common mycotoxins are:
- fusarium toxins (more than 100 different toxins);
- deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin/DON);
- T-2 toxin;
- diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS);
- Penicillium spp.:
- penicillic acid;
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